Movement 101 Terms

Below is a list of terms and concepts that we will likely refer to often in our posts and podcasts. This list is by no means comprehensive, and many of the terms will probably continue to be unclear until they are explained by concrete examples in our lives! These concepts and lifestyles are changing meaning and challenging us as well as we attempt to live them out day-to-day.

  • Aliyah
    • Aliyah means “to go up” but also refers to someone who moves to Israel and declares citizenship. People who make aliyah are called “olim” and a male is “oleh” and female is “olah”. Israel gives many benefits to people who make aliyah as an incentive to draw Jews to Israel.
  • Olim
    • people who have made aliyah – aka, us!!
  • Garin
    • Garin means “seed.”  A garin is a group of people living collectively together in Israel. This means the members share money and responsibility for the group as well as support and challenge each other. The garin members will all be part of the movement and doing movement work. The idea is that each garin is a “seed,” or a starting point, for the ideal society in Israel we hope to build.
  • Kvutsah
    • Kvutsah translates to “group” or “team”. The term kvutsah as it exists for us is more or less interchangeable with garin. Kvutsah can be a temporary or long-term group; for example, a hiking group would be described as a kvutsah. In a movement context, this refers to a close group of friends and partners who you share your life with, usually but not always from the same shichvah (age group).
  • “The movement”
    • The movement refers to a Labor Zionist youth movement – either the movement in North America (Habonim Dror), or their partner movements in Israel (HaNoar HaOved v’HaLomed and Dror Yisrael). What makes the youth movement a movement and not just an organization or club is that it has a direction and a path toward actualizing its values – it exists for a bigger purpose than just itself.
  • Habonim Dror (Habo)
    • Habonim Dror (The Builders of Freedom) is a socialist Zionist youth movement that works to upbuild the Jewish people via education, and historically sending young Jews from around the world to upbuild Israel according to values of the inherent value of human beings. The movement is the combination of two movements, Habonim and Dror (members of this youth movement started and led the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising). Many kibbutzim in Israel were founded by members of Habonim Dror.
    • Habonim Dror exists all over the world – in North America, Argentina, Mexico, Brazil, Uruguay, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, France, Belgium, the Netherlands.
    • See here for more Habo history. See here for information about Habonim Dror North America, the movement we come from!
  • Hanoar Ha’Oved V’HaLomed (NOAL)
    • An acronym for HaNoar haOved v’haLomed, which directly translates to the working and studying youth. NOAL is Habonim Dror’s Israeli sister movement. It is the youth movement sector of the Labor movement in Israel, which also contains the Labor Party and the Histadrut (Israel’s largest labor union).
    • This youth movement mainly runs youth education centers (kenim, or “nests) all over Israel for diverse communities of Jews, Arabs, Russians, Druze and more. The movement educates toward a just, pluralistic and democratic Israel.
    • NOAL also has a stake in almost every sector of Israeli society and almost every social issue imaginable: Labor rights, Gender-equality, sex education, unionization, peace/coexistence education, to name a few. Also, the movement has tzvatim (staffs) that take on almost every kind of project. There’s video-makers, photographers, tour guides, hike guides, fix-it people, theater people, and so much more!
  • Dror Israel
    • “Dror Israel is a pioneering educational movement whose mission is to effect meaningful, long-term educational and social change in Israeli society in order to promote solidarity, social activism, democracy and equality. Dror-Israel aim to form the grassroots nucleus of an exemplary society in Israel based on the vision of the prophets of Israel and the founders of Zionism.”
    • “Dror Israel emphasizes participation from every sector of Israeli society, including Ethiopian and Russian immigrants, Arab Israelis, Druze and Bedouins, and middle class and working class communities. In the past decade, Dror Israel has established 16 educators’ kibbutzim in the social and geographic periphery of Israel. There are currently 1,200 young adults living in these kibbutzim who work daily in the organization’s educational, cultural and social activities with over 100,000 children, teens and adults.” – Wikipedia
    • Dror Israel contains three life phases: NOAL (the youth movement), Tnuat HaBogrim (the graduate, or adult movement, which includes olim from Habonim) and a system of kibbutzim. Members of this movement aim to spend their adult lives living and working in the movement.
  • Tnuat HaBogrim
    • This term literally means “The graduate movement.” Tnuat HaBogrim is one life phase in Dror Israel, and consists of graduates from both HaNoar HaOved v’HaLomed and Habonim Dror.
    • In NOAL, garinim can choose to move through the army together and end their service with a Perek Messimah, or chapter of messimah (movement work). At that point, they enter the Tnuat HaBogrim. After that, garinim of young adults live around the country, often coming together by age group, and do messimah.
    • Groups of olim from Habonim Dror (us!) around the world join the Tnuat HaBogrim as partners in doing movement work, and as part of our age groups.
  • Shin yud
    • Shin yud the name of our age group in Dror Israel (the name comes from the number the army gives to the age group). There are two garinim in Be’er Sheva, two in Petah Tikvah, and one in Haifa.
  • Gimmel
    • “Gimmel” refers to Shlav Hachshara Gimmel, or “the third stage of preparation.” Shlav Hachshara Alef (the first stage in the movement’s process of preparation for aliyah) is Workshop, a gap year program intended to immerse Jewish youth in a collective, movement-centered life in Israel.
    • Shlav Hachshara Bet is an educational process that movement members engage in throughout university, with madrichim (counselors / leaders) in Israel.
    • Shlav Hachshara Gimmel refers to aliyah. “Gimmel” is refers to olim from Habonim Dror. These olim do some combination of working directly in NOAL and running Habonim Dror programs like Workshop. “Gimmel” is one sector of the Tnuat HaBogrim.
  • Messima
    • Messima translates to “mission,” but it refers to movement work. Ideally, messima is fulfilling in and of itself, and has inherent value as labor – it isn’t a traditional job meant to make ends meet. Messima can be varied – it’s usually helping NOAL run, whether that means being a madrich (counselor) in the ken, or working on a tzevet (staff), but it can also mean running programming for Habonim Dror.
  • Tzevet
    • Directly translates to “staff,” and is often used to refer to a group working on a messima or project together, i.e. “I’m meeting with my tzevet to plan.”
  • Tiyul
    • Tiyul directly translates to “trip” but actually usually refers to a hiking trip.
  • Ulpan
    • Ulpan is a 5 month, 5 day a week, 5 hour a day intensive Hebrew learning experience. For most new olim, it is recommended that this be the first thing to do upon making aliyah.
    • It is very difficult to acclimate and to feel at home when you don’t know the language. Every Oleh gets the benefit of a free 5 month ulpan. You need to sign up for an ulpan within the first 18 months of aliyah.
  • Hagshama
    • Hagshama means “actualization” and refers to the actualization of movement values. This is a fundamental pillar of the movement – the idea that you cannot have ideology without concretely living out those ideals.
    • In Habonim Dror, the ultimate form of movement hagshama is to make aliyah and join the Tnuat HaBogrim. But there are many forms of movement hagshama at many levels – running a ken, for example, or being part of your kvutsah process.
  • Hadracha / Lehadrich
    • Hadracha is a very difficult word to translate into English! It essentially means “leadership” and lehadrich means “to lead.” In the movement, it means leading an educational process – for example, one could be doing hadracha for a bunch of kids in a ken – one would be their madricha (counselor, or “leader”). Hadracha can also happen between peers.
    • The idea is that everyone in the movement, from its youngest to its oldest members, are both leading and being led in an educational process!
  • Peulah
    • Peula directly translates to “activity” but we use it to mean an informal educational program or event, usually with lots of creative methods and participation.
  • Kupa
    • Kupa refers to our shared fund of money. Our communal living runs on a shared economy (kalkalah) between all members of Gimmel. Our kupa is made up of the money we’ve brought with us, and the money that comes from our movement work.